Running a business can go through various stages: from market success, through stabilization of market position, to temporary or permanent incurring of losses. Often a single event, in the form of a payment jam from a key counterparty and a lack of liquidity, can cause an avalanche of adverse consequences with irreversible effects, ultimately leading to a state of insolvency for the entrepreneur.
State of insolvency
A state of insolvency arises when the ability to perform due monetary obligations has been lost, e.g. the delay in the performance of monetary obligations exceeds three months, or when the company’s monetary obligations exceed the value of its assets, and this condition persists for a period exceeding twenty-four months.
Obligation to file a bankruptcy petition with the court
Few businesspeople are aware that within 30 days of the date on which grounds for bankruptcy arise, they have not only the right, but the obligation to file a bankruptcy petition with the court. There is also a prohibition on selective satisfaction of creditors who should be satisfied after bankruptcy proceedings.
Consequences of not filing on time
Ignorance or willful disregard of this obligation to file a bankruptcy petition with the court can result in very harsh financial consequences for those who represent the entrepreneur, since for the liabilities and tax arrears of companies, the members of its management board are jointly and severally liable with all their assets.
For the above reasons, it is so important to diagnose the occurrence of the state of insolvency of the entrepreneur and effectively file a bankruptcy petition in a timely manner.