Pact on Migration and Asylum: What Does It Mean for Poland?

Table of Contents:

  1. The Migration Pact – Basic Information
  2. The Solidarity Mechanism – Accept Immigrants or Pay
  3. Poland’s Position on the Migration Pact
  4. The Migration Pact – Implications for Poland

The Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament decided to approve the Migration Pact, which was intensively negotiated in December 2023. The next step towards its formal adoption will be a vote in the European Parliament, scheduled for April 2024. What solutions does this regulation bring and what does it mean for member states, including Poland?

The Migration Pact – Basic Information

European countries are facing a migration crisis. The ambassadors of the EU member states agreed that there is a need to modify the approach to the issue of immigrants. This includes the amendment of community regulations in areas such as the control of illegal migrants, the collection of biometric data, the procedures for submitting and processing asylum applications, cooperation and solidarity between member states, and how to deal with crisis situations. Solutions are to be developed to verify which migrants genuinely need international protection and which do not. Meanwhile, the countries of first contact can expect to receive greater powers to return migrants to their countries of origin.

The Solidarity Mechanism – Accept Immigrants or Pay

The central point of the Migration Pact is the solidarity mechanism, which aims to support EU member states in the event of a migration crisis. These regulations provide that countries unable to accept a specified number of immigrants can instead pay for each unaccepted person. The fee is set at approximately 20,000 euros per person. Decisions regarding support and the relocation of migrants will be made by the European Commission based on objective criteria.

Poland’s Position on the Migration Pact

Poland, along with several other countries, has expressed opposition to the Migration Pact but did not directly participate in its negotiations. Polish authorities argue that the pact does not consider the specific situation of countries bordering Belarus and Russia, which experience migration pressure related to artificially generated migration routes. There is also concern that the imbalance between responsibility and solidarity could lead to conflicts between the EU and member states.

The Migration Pact – Implications for Poland

The adoption of the Migration Pact represents a significant step towards a common approach to managing migration in the EU. However, the challenges related to its implementation and potential conflicts between member states require further discussion and negotiation. For Poland, the pact presents a series of challenges that will need to be closely monitored and analyzed in the future. There are discussions suggesting that Poland could be exempt from fees due to the significant number of refugees it has accepted from Ukraine.